Madagascar is the fourth largest island, covering an area of nearly 226,700 square miles and stretching 1,000 miles by 350 miles. Geologically, the island was formed when it broke away from the landmass of Africa approximately 50 million years ago. The east coast is lined with coral beaches and lagoons, and from here the land rises sharply to the great central plateau that covers most of the island. This is ridged and crossed by many rivers and is interrupted by mountainous massifs.
The climate varies greatly from temperate in the highlands to tropical along the coasts; there are heavy seasonal rains in the north and east, but conditions are relatively dry in the central highlands and semiarid in the south. Until recently most of the island was covered in forests, ranging from tropical rain forest to cooler evergreen and deciduous woodlands.
Madagascar's isolation has allowed a unique and rich diversity of wildlife to evolve. This includes the small, spiny, insectivorous tenrec and many remarkable species of lemur. There are also crocodiles, chameleons, butterflies, and great numbers of birds. Sea fish native to the area include the spiny globefish and a famous "living fossil" called the coelacanth. It is estimated that there are 10,000 species of flora of which 80 percent are found nowhere else in the world.
The island is 300 miles east of Mozambique across the Mozambique Channel and has a coastline of 3,000 miles. It compares in area to about 2.5 times the size of the United Kingdom and a little smaller than Texas.
Major Cities: Antananarivo (capital)
Languages: Malagasy, French and English
Money currency: Ariary (Ar)
Madagascar is paradise for landscape photographers. The country is rich in contrasting scenes of natural and human development. Wherever you turn, a colorful scene of mountains, human development, forests and water appears, all under a dramatic deep sky.
Who doesn’t love beach holiday – the chance to bronze yourself until even your grandmother doesn’t recognise you, sip cocktails to your heart’s content or to simply enjoy a good book. When people think of the best beach destinations in and around Africa, places like Mauritius, Zanzibar and Cape Town come to mind. But what if we were to tell you that the best beach destinations of Africa actually lie just off the continent? Madagascar, is home to more kilometres of seafront than any other African nation, with amazing hidden gems of white sand beaches.
One of the main reasons why people decide to visit this ‘Red Island’ is its extraordinary and wonderful WILDLIFE.
Madagascar has been an isolated island for around 70 million years, breaking away first Africa around 165 million years ago and then from India nearly 100 million years later. This isolation led to the development of a unique flora and fauna, with 90 percent of its wildlife found only in Madagascar. Pretty impressive! And the best place to experience and see a spectacular array of wildlife and the highest biodiversity on the planet is in the National Parks of Madagascar!
There are several species of lemurs. It is believed that there are at least 100 of them that still survive including subspecies. There are also many that are believed to already be extinct over millions of years ago. The smallest primate in the world is a Lemur – the Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur. It weighs just a couple of ounces.
Madagascar is an island nation located off the southeastern coast of Africa. Because of its long separation from neighboring continents—through tectonic movement, it split from Africa about 160 million years ago, and from India around 90 million years ago—it contains many species endemic to the island.Of the 285 bird species recorded on Madagascar, 105 are found nowhere else on earth.
Many are the activities that you can find in Madagascar, not only this land is rich in bio diversity but it is also riches in other activities. Here are some example of activities that you can enjoy in Madagascar.